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Centre for Joint Warfare Studies (CENJOWS) Importance of CBRN Threat Detection & Training

A seminar on “Importance of Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear (CBRN): Threat detection & Training” was organized by the team of Q-Tech Synergy with Centre for Joint Warfare Studies (CENJOWS) as Knowledge Partner on 17 Feb 16 at Indian Habitat Center, New Delhi. The aim of the seminar was to examine the current and emerging CBRN threats and detection techniques/equipment being employed globally, and the Indian MoD & Industry perspective together for learning from foreign experiences. The readiness of the various agencies both civil and paramilitary to such threats and the importance of providing realistic training to personnel to use CBRN detection and monitoring devices so that they are well equipped with the skills to handle such threats. Furthermore, it also highlighted, how all levels of end users from operators to command level can be tested, evaluated and benefit as a result of excellent simulation effects. The reps from following fields attended the seminar:

  • Defence Services
  • Para Military Forces
  • First Responders - Organisations
  • Defence Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs).
  • Small and Medium Companies from the Defence and Security sector.
  • Corporate India.
  • Nuclear Energy Sector.
  • Government officials.

The CENJOWS was represented by both Maj Gen KB Kapoor (Retd), Director Emeritus, and Lt Gen Vinod Bhatia, PVSM, AVSM, SM (Retd), Director. Following speakers gave their perspective:

1

Lt General GS Katoch PVSM, AVSM, VSM, Director General Perspective Planning (DGPP): at IHQ of MoD (Army) was the chief guest. This directorate is the official think tank and Principal Coordinator for Doctrinal, strategic and conceptual aspects for the Indian Army. The General has vast experience in all types of Operational areas to include Counter Insurgency and Conventional Military Operations incl CBRN. He gave out the CBRN perspective of Indian Army and defence forces as whole.

Brigadier PP Malhotra, VSM: He is heading the nodal agency for CBRN defence of the Indian Army as DDGPP (NBC) at Directorate General of Perspective Planning.

Lt Gen Velu Nair, AVSM, VSM** Deputy Chief Integrated Defence Staff (Medical): He has vast experience in disaster management including CBRN threats.

Cdr Javed Hasan: He is an Indian Navy officer posted at the NBCD directorate at Naval HQ and looks after CBRN policy and doctrine.

Mr Amit Tuteja: Specialist chemical Industrial Disaster Management from National Disaster Management Authority, Govt of India

The Industry was represented by

David Butler BEM: A military veteran from the British Army and now MD of CBRN Solutions UK. He has also commanded the UK MoD CBRN Defence Centre officers training division and was the CBRN adviser to the British Army's Joint CBRN Defence Regiment.

Steven Pike: He is the founder and Managing Director of UK based Argon Electronics.

Nilesh Vartak: He is the Director of Indesys Equipments Pvt. Ltd. (IDS), Lonavala, Pune. IDS is one of the leading Indian companies providing solutions in the field of CBRN threat detection and protection.

                Delivering training to the military and first responders in the 21st century has become more challenging because the end user generation of trainees are used to sophisticated software and come expect the same level of sophistication in their military and emergency service training. This has placed an ever increasing burden on Ministry of Defences (MoD's) and Other Government Agencies (OGA's) training establishments to meet these expectations.

                The software gaming industry realised the potential to utilise their expertise in providing realistic training simulators for military and First Responder / “blue light” service requirements. One of the more challenging scenarios to simulate is that of a CBRN hazard release, because in the majority of cases the real event creates sensory rather than visual effects and therefore the simulation has to be able to replicate the sensory perception through a visual effect.

                Being able to realistically and effectively train and evaluate an 'End to End' process at the tactical and command level is critical in assessing the operational competence of a force confronted by a CBRN hostile hazard environment. In these times of a growing reliance on the use of Toxic Industrial Materials (TIM's) in manufacturing industries and use of CBRN substances for terrorism, the likelihood of the military and emergency services having to operate in a toxic / radiological hazard environment is increasing. Therefore given current governments across the world face budgetary pressures on military and emergency services spending, all aspects of delivering capability have come under scrutiny, training budgets being no exception. Being able to train realistically and collectively is cost effective, not just in monetary terms but also in operational terms as it allows the training time to be maximised both in the field and classroom environment and avoids unnecessary expensive damage to operational equipment. Having the ability to be able to objectively define areas of weakness and strengths in operational CBRN response capability allows trainers to specifically target the areas of weakness and in doing so, raise the overall standard across the CBRN response community

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